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Prehistoric, Roman, and Archaeological Sites

Prehistoric · Roman · Archaeological/Other


Castle Hill & Jubilee Tower (Hillfort)
Huddersfield, East Yorkshire
The history of human activity on the hill goes back over 4000 years. The site was developed as an iron age hill fort, surrounded by defensive ditches and ramparts. In the Middle Ages there was a castle on the hill, of which the well remains. The present tower was built to commemorate Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee of 1897. The site is a scheduled ancient monument. More information about the hill and its history can be found in displays at Tolson Museum.

  Duggleby Howe (Barrow)
Duggleby, East Yorkshire
Over a hundred years ago Duggleby Howe was excavated. This is a large Bronze Age burial mound and was found to contain fifty bodies as well as bronze implements and stone tools which were of excellent quality.

  Ingleborough Hill Fort (Hillfort)
Ingleborough, North Yorkshire
Ingleborough hill-fort is an iron age fortification constructed by the British north-western tribe, the Brigantes. It is very probable that it was built during the first century AD, when the area was under attack from the Romans who were determined to subject the area to their rule. Ingleborough hillfort is particularly interesting as it was a fortified village rather than a structure built for purely military reasons. It is the only one of its type in Yorkshire. Unfortunately, much of the site has been damaged by ignorant walkers who have taken stones from the ancient remains to build a very uninteresting cairn.

Rudston Monolith (Standing Stones)
Rudston, East Yorkshire
Rudston is famous for its Monolith. It is believed to be the tallest Monolith in England standing 25 feet tall with a similar length believed to be buried beneath the ground. It is 6 feet wide and 2 feet 3 inches wide at its base. The top is now covered with a metal cap to protect it from the elements. It is believed to have been brought from Cayton Bay, situated on the coast 20 miles away! for some religious reason. It may have once supported a cross of some description, which has long since disappeared.

Scott's Dyke
Richmond, North Yorkshire
Scotts Dyke was an extensive embankment running north eastwards from just south of Richmond. The purpose of the Dyke is not known. Possibly it was a boundary but if so the effort involved in building it seems disproportionate. It may have been a defensive fortification. The date of the Dyke has not been determined but it is almost certainly pre Roman. The outline of the Dyke can still be seen in some places notably the eastern edge of Richmond (as shown below). Although much reduced in one or two places the extent of the emabankment an earth and stone mound may still be seen. From the highest remaining point there is a commanding view eastwards and south east to the North Yorkshire Moors and the Vale of York.


Aldborough Roman Site (Villas)
Aldborough, Boroughbridge, North Yorkshire
The principal town of the Brigantes, whose earlier tribal stronghold can be seen at Stanwick. The remains include parts of the Roman defences and two spectacular mosaic pavements. The on-site museum displays local Roman finds.
English Heritage http://www.york-tourism.co.uk

Lavatrae Roman Fort
Richmond, North Yorkshire
Lavatrae guarded the eastern approaches to the Stainmore pass, through which ran an important road connecting Carlisle and York. Much of the fort is hidden from sight by the medieval castle Bowes Castle, church and vicarage, but one corner can be studied quite clearly. It is sited above the River Greta and the Roman name Lavatrae ("riverbed") echoes this fact.

Manor House Museum
Bradford, North Yorkshire
Situated within the beautiful surroundings of the Wharfe Valley, one of Ilkley's oldest buildings, the Manor House, has been converted into an attractive museum and art gallery. The Manor House also stands on the remains of the Roman fort of Olicana. Only a short section of defensive wall remains exposed at the back of the building, but Roman artefacts from the fort and surrounding area are on permanent display inside the Manor House.

The Roman Bath (Eboracum Legion Bathhouse)
York, North Yorkshire
In 1930 it was discovered that this tavern in St. Sampson's Square, York, is the site of the Roman baths. Opening up this discovery to the public has provided an insight into Roman Eboracum and as such this tavern can claim a most unique heritage all of its own. In 1970 the tavern changed its name to 'The Roman Bath' and a plate glass viewing area was built into the floor. However, to do justice to this discovery the tavern has recently turned the site into a museum.
Roman Bath: the dirty job of keeping clean

Archaeological & Misc. Sites

  Cottam Village (14th century)
Cottam, East Yorkshire
The deserted mediaeval village of Cottam can be found on a single track road out of Langtoft off the B1248. All that remains of the village is a small derelict church whos bell tower can be seen above the hollow in which it sits.

Meerstones (Stones, 18th century)
Grassington Moor, East Yorkshire
When lead mining on Grassington Moor became more intensive in the early 18th Century, miners were granted mining rights on areas of land on the mineral veins, called meers, in return for a share of the smelted lead being paid to the owner of the mineral rights. A meer was about 30 yards square, and originally a miner was granted rights on up to three meers. Later, as the investment required to extract the ore became greater, the lease was granted on increasingly larger areas, such as ten meers by two. To help mark out the extremities of the leases, meerstones (meer stones) were set in the ground. These varied in style, some being merely earthfast rocks, and others being set in the ground; some have lettering and numbering carved into them which identified the holder of the lease, and some are devoid of markings. When Dr. Raistrick originally mapped these, he found about 150 spread out over the moor, but some have now disappeared. Many of the meerstones have been correlated with plans of the moor showing the lease holdings.

Photo courtesy of The Craven Image
Wharram Percy (15th century)
Wharram Percy, North Yorkshire
Wharram Percy, located in Yorkshire, has been occupied by humans since the Iron Age. Romans, Anglo-Saxons, Vikings, Normans -- all have lived out their lives in this high-wold village. As an archeological site, it was one of the most important peasant digs in England.
English Heritage

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